One week after earthquake, thousands remain homeless as aftershocks continue
by Reliefweb, CARE Indonesia
13 August 2018
One week after a devastating 7.0 magnitude earthquake hit the Indonesian island of Lombok, thousands remain homeless and in fear as aftershocks continue. CARE Indonesia is channelling assistance through its local partner Kopernik, who operate in Lombok and provides support to survivors.
In the evening on Sunday, Aug. 5, the 7.0 earthquake struck the northern end of Lombok Island, in West Nusa Tenggara province of Indonesia. This was not the only earthquake to affect islands'' residents recently. The area faced a 6.4 earthquake July 29 and another powerful 6.2 aftershock on Aug. 9, as well as hundreds of other aftershocks, which continue to leave the local population under serious strain.
According to government authorities, more than 300 people have been killed, over one thousand injured and 270,000 people have been displaced. Overall, 3.5 million people have been affected on Lombok Island. More than 67,000 homes have also been destroyed along with bridges, schools, hospitals and office buildings.
The Government of Indonesia has led relief and recovery efforts and is working hard to assist affected populations.
Given the extent of the damage, CARE is working through local partners to deliver clean water, hygiene and sanitation supplies, shelter kits and other basic items. As experience shows women and girls are particularly vulnerable following a natural disaster.
Helen Vanwel, country director for CARE International Indonesia:
“It’s hard to imagine the panic people are facing right now. Imagine already seeing your home collapse and the earth continues to rumble. While parents try to protect and comfort their children, there is increasing urgency and need for clean water, food and shelter.”
Ibu Wingkan, 40, a mother of two young girls and a resident of Sembalun Bumbung, a village of a 6,400. Her home was totally destroyed on August 5 and she and her family as well as nine other households share one crowded tent where they sleep each night.
“Since the first earthquake, my husband and I have not been able to go to our rice farm, we have lost our income, our home and the children’s school is destroyed. I am so afraid and don’t know how we will manage. Almost all the people of Sembalun Bumbung sleep outside at night, even those whose homes have not been destroyed, fearing another earthquake at any time.”
Dewi Hanifah who is in Lombok with one of CARE’s local partners Kopernik:
“We are supporting about 3,500 people, but the need is so much greater and I feel so sad that we cannot help everyone. Sembalun Bumbung is a mountain village and it is very cold at night, the people are suffering and now the rains are coming. There is a real need for food, blankets, temporary shelter, sanitation hygiene materials and other items for health and safety.”
* In 2004, CARE Indonesia was one of the primary emergency responders after the South Asian tsunami. For the latest updates on the recovery efforts visit the link below.
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One in five displaced children in Somalia is Malnourished, New Data Shows
by Action against Hunger, Save the Children
Somalia: Severe nutrition emergency persists despite end of Drought, Action Against Hunger Warns.
The international humanitarian organization Action Against Hunger warns that one in five young displaced children living in settlements in Somalia is suffering from acute malnutrition. Recent rains and an increase in humanitarian assistance have improved food security in areas hardest hit by crippling drought and the threat of famine. Despite that, new evidence shows that the prevalence of acute malnutrition among vulnerable displaced children exceeds the internationally recognized emergency threshold in many areas.
“We are encouraged by recent reports that food security is getting better,” said East Africa Regional Director for Action Against Hunger, Hajir Maalim, “However, true recovery will take years, and our data shows that Somalia is still facing a severe nutrition emergency. We are deeply concerned that 20 percent of displaced children under five are suffering from malnutrition in areas across the country, without access to health services.”
Rigorous assessments conducted by Action Against Hunger and Save the Children in 10 districts of Somalia reveal that displaced children living in camps are the worst-affected, particularly in Mataban, Dollow, Garowe, Galkayo and Mogadishu.
Prevalence of Global Acute Malnutrition in all the settlement camps for displaced people surveyed by the two humanitarian agencies exceeds the ‘emergency’ threshold of 15 percent. The prevalence of malnutrition in the city of Mataban in Hiraan region, which was recently devastated by floods, was 20.5 percent, indicating a critical emergency, and was the highest among all 10 districts.
Malnourished children are particularly vulnerable to preventable diseases. The new data indicates that deaths among children have increased in settlements for displaced people in Mogadishu and Mataban. Half of child deaths were caused by malaria in Mataban, and in Mogadishu, respiratory illnesses such as pneumonia remain the leading cause of death among young children.
Without sustained, adequate funding for humanitarian assistance, progress in reducing malnutrition in areas where famine was narrowly averted last year could be at risk. For example, the new data found that:
Prevalence of acute malnutrition in Beletweyne, in the Hiraan region, of South Central Somalia, is 15.9 percent, signalling a nutrition emergency. Half a million people in the region were affected by the recent floods, which destroyed latrines, contaminated water supplies and contributed to a cholera outbreak, putting children’s lives in further danger. Ongoing heavy rains in the area are increasing the risk of waterborne disease among vulnerable displaced people.
Acute malnutrition has recently spiked from 6.8 per cent to 13.7 per cent in Burao, in the Togdheer region of northwest Somalia, where the threat of famine was successfully averted last year after a massive humanitarian response.
Across Somalia, an estimated 2.6 million have been uprooted from their homes by climate shocks and conflict. Severe, extended drought devastated crops, killed livestock, and destroyed livelihoods, forcing one million people in 2017 to abandon their homes in search of food and water. In 2018, an average of 2,777 people have been displaced every day.
“Somalia has experienced better rainfall that what was predicted for this season, but people are still caught in a deadly cycle of climate shocks, conflict and hunger,” said Dr. Patrick Mweki, Country Director for Action Against Hunger’s operations in Somalia. “In 10 districts of Somalia, 90,000 children are malnourished and 45,000 children are severely malnourished and at risk of death. They need treatment today. We call on the international community to release immediate funding to scale up nutrition programs to save lives and alleviate suffering.”
http://bit.ly/2Ay7t4V http://www.actionagainsthunger.org/stories http://reliefweb.int/topics/fighting-famine-nigeria-somalia-south-sudan-and-yemen
Chad health centres overwhelmed with spike in malnourished children. (MSF, Agencies)
Children in feeding centres in Chad are sleeping two or three to a bed as hospitals struggle to cope with a spike in near-death malnutrition following drought, charities said on Thursday.
The Alliance for International Medical Action (ALIMA) said the number of children it has treated for severe malnutrition this year is 60 percent higher than in the same period in 2017, while the number of children hospitalised is up by 45 percent.
The charity has already nearly doubled its capacity to 150 beds at the main therapeutic feeding centre in the capital N''Djamena, while the medical agency Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) opened a second site with 50 beds on Thursday.
Malnutrition peaks in Chad every year between July and October, the lean season before the harvest begins. But this year, countries across West Africa''s Sahel began to run out of food in March after a bad dry spell.
ALIMA''s head of mission Hassan Issa said in five years of work he has never seen so many starving children in N''Djamena.
"The situation is becoming overwhelming," he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation. "Despite the increase in capacity ... we''re certain that in August and September, if nothing else is done, we''ll still be very overstretched."
Most of the children hospitalised are under five, the agencies said. If they receive therapeutic foods for four to five days, they can usually recover.
But malnourished children should be getting help before they reach that stage, said Natalie Roberts, an emergency doctor with MSF, which is increasing outpatient services to assist more children with moderate malnutrition. "We must not wait until children are on the verge of death to meet their basic needs," she said.
The United Nations has estimated that almost a million people in Chad will need food assistance by the end of August.
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