Emergency food assistance needs in at least 41 Countries
by WFP, FAO, Famine Early Warning Systems Network
8:06am 11th Sep, 2019
Projected Food Assistance needs from the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET)
This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population (IPC Phase 3 and higher) is compared to last year. Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified.
Additional information is provided for countries with large food insecure populations. Analytical confidence is lower in remote monitoring countries.
East Africa Food Security Outlook, June 2019 to January 2020. (FEWS-Net)
An estimated 43 million people affected by drought, conflict, and macroeconomic shocks are expected to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse outcomes across Somalia, Ethiopia, Uganda, Yemen, South Sudan, Sudan, Kenya, and Burundi.
These populations in need require urgent humanitarian food assistance to mitigate deterioration in food security outcomes in the outlook period. This figure includes an estimated 11.4 million internally displaced people and 4.3 million refugees throughout the region, many of whom are also expected to be in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse outcomes.
An estimated 6.96 million people in South Sudan and 17 million people in Yemen are facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse outcomes in the presence of planned humanitarian food assistance. This includes some households in Jonglei and Upper Nile of South Sudan that are likely in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5).
Although food assistance is mitigating more extreme outcomes, the reach of assistance remains below the estimated need and access to populations in need remains a significant concern.
In South Sudan, the risk of Famine (IPC Phase 5) will persist through January 2020 despite an anticipated increase in 2019/20 crop production compared to 2018/19, given existing high levels of acute food insecurity and the potential for conflict to quickly shift and restrict household movement and humanitarian access.
In Yemen, Famine (IPC Phase 5) would be likely in a worst-case scenario where commercial imports significantly decline far below requirement levels or conflict cuts off populations from trade for a prolonged period.
In the Horn of Africa, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse outcomes are anticipated through January 2020 due to drought and two consecutive poor production seasons in 2018/19, though some improvements will likely be realized during the October – December 2019 rainy season.
In Somalia, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes are expected in central and northern pastoral areas and several northern and southern agropastoral areas.
In Ethiopia, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) is expected in the lowlands of Oromia, northeastern Afar, northeastern Amhara, and the Somali region. A likely safety net pipeline break in the worst-affected areas of Ethiopia would also result in an increase in the number of households in Emergency (IPC Phase 4), elevating the already high prevalence of acute malnutrition.
In Kenya, outcomes are expected to improve from Crisis (IPC Phase 3) to Stressed (IPC Phase 2) in late 2019, but some poor households may remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3).
Among populations displaced by conflict and civil unrest in Ethiopia and Sudan, food gaps indicative of Crisis (IPC Phase 3) are likely to persist throughout the outlook period and some households may deteriorate to Emergency (ICP Phase 4) in the ongoing lean season. About one million people remain displaced in Benishangul Gumuz, Oromia, SNNPR, and Somali regions of Ethiopia.
In Sudan, 2.0-2.6 million people are displaced, including protracted internally displaced persons (IDPs) in SPLM-N-controlled areas of South Kordofan and SPLA-AW-controlled areas of Jebel Marra in Darfur States of Sudan. Conflict-displaced households have lost access to typical livelihoods while population movements, trade flows, and access to humanitarian assistance are restricted.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations - Global Information and Early Warning System: 41 Countries requiring external assistance for Food (July 2019)
Countries in crisis requiring external assistance for food are expected to lack the resources to deal with reported critical problems of food insecurity. The list below covers crises related to lack of food availability, widespread lack of access to food, or severe but localized problems. GIEWS updates this list four times a year.
Ongoing conflicts remain a primary driver of high levels of severe food insecurity, report from World Food Programme/FAO August 2019: http://undocs.org/en/S/2019/699
* Acute food insecurity is when a person''s inability to consume adequate food puts their lives or livelihoods in immediate danger. It draws on internationally accepted measures of extreme hunger, such as the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC).
Chronic hunger is when a person is unable to consume enough food to maintain a normal, active lifestyle over an extended period. The FAO''s most recent State of Food Security and Nutrition report, in September 2018, found that 821 million people on the planet are going hungry.
http://www.fao.org/state-of-food-security-nutrition/en/ http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/1187744/icode/ http://www.fsinplatform.org/global-report-food-crises-2019 http://www.ipcinfo.org/
Alarming lack of funding for humanitarian relief work. (Norwegian Refugee Council)
Half way into the year, humanitarian organisations have received only 27 per cent of the money needed to provide relief to people affected by crises worldwide.
"The current lack of funding is alarming. Despite increasing needs, substantially less money is available for humanitarian assistance compared to the same period last year. We are deeply concerned for those people already feeling the hard consequences of cuts, said Jan Egeland, Secretary General of the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC).
Every year the UN and humanitarian organisations work together to launch humanitarian appeals based on needs assessments in countries affected by crises.
This year, a total of $26 billion is required to provide relief for around 94 million people in need. So far, donor countries have contributed approximately $7 billion - 27 per cent of the money needed, according to the UN''s financial tracking service. This is about $2 billion less than the funding received half way into 2018.
"Let''s not be fooled into believing that the amount needed is too high or the job too difficult. It is a question of priorities. The world''s total military expenditure has increased to a whopping $1.8 trillion. The cost of closing the humanitarian funding gap and providing people with basic support equals to just about one per cent of this," said Egeland.
For example, the crisis in Cameroon is among the most critically under-funded, with less than 20 per cent of the appeal covered so far this year. Assistance is also falling short for people in DR Congo, a country struck by a toxic cocktail of conflict, mass displacement and Ebola. Even funding for Syrian refugees is drying up.
The current funding crisis is due to a combination of more protracted and longer -lasting humanitarian crises globally and the emergence of more self-interested policies in several rich countries.
"Today many people hit by conflict, drought and starvation do not receive any assistance at all. Mothers are skipping meals to provide their malnourished children with whatever little food is available. Lack of proper latrines lead to the spread of water-borne diseases like cholera. And treatable illnesses are claiming lives due to the lack of medical support. All of this is fully preventable if there was political will," said Egeland.
The Norwegian Refugee Council is appealing to donor countries to increase their humanitarian support and for new donor countries to step forward and disburse funding urgently.
"There is an urgent need for more funding to meet the growing humanitarian needs worldwide," Egeland said. "The disbursement of funding early in the year will also enable a better planned and more efficient humanitarian response," he added.
Facts and figures:
· As of July 9, 2019, the total funding registered amounted to $7 billion out of the total appeal for US$26 billion. This means that the appeal was 27 per cent funded.
· Half-way into the year in 2018, US$9 billion was received out of a total appeal for US$25 billion, 35 per cent of the money needed. By the end of the year the total funding had increased to US$15 billion, 60 per cent of the money needed.
· Total world military expenditure rose to US$1822 billion in 2018, according to data from the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).
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